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Cuba
 
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Cuba - Society
 

Name Official: Republic of Cuba

Capital: Havana

Official language: Spanish

Gentile: Cuban

Population: More than 11 120 000 inhabitants, of which 75,2 percent resides in urban areas. Population's density is of 101,2 hab/km² and the populated counties are City of Havana (2 198 000), Santiago from Cuba (1 023 000) and Holguín (1 021 000).

Transport: Cars, buses and motorcycles. The country has 17 airports ten with category for international operations and of an extensive net of highways and roads (about 50 000 kms, of which 14 000 km is in freeways and asphalted highways) that link the main populational establishments with the tourist regions and all its places of interest. Companies that you/they lend services of flights domestic charters exist and of aerotaxis inside the national territory.

Electric current: 110 v. and 220 v. 60 Hz. Plugs of plane spikes.

Deport: Cuba is a world sport power. It shows the supremacy of the orb in disciplines as the boxing, the baseball and the volleyball. To their it enhances they have contributed figures of international fame in the athletics, the fencing, the judo, the Greek and free fight, the chess and the rising of weights. Every year the country is headquarters of numerous sport events of international character.

 
National symbols:
 
Flag: Each element of the national emblem has a special meaning. The equilateral triangle is a clear allusion to the longings of freedom, equality and fraternity and its red color denounces the blood that would be necessary to pour to conquer the independence. The solitary star located amid the triangle is symbol of absolute freedom. The three blue lists represent the departments (West, Center and East) in that the Island was divided and the two white fringes mean the purity and the virtue of the Cuban town. The Cuban flag waved for the first time in the city of Cardinal red, county of Matanzas, in 1850.
 

Shield: He/she has the configuration of an ogival adarga. In their superior field, a golden key symbolizes the key position of the Island, to the entrance of the Gulf of Mexico and among the two America, while the nascent sun represents the emergence of a new nation. Three blue lists in the left inferior barracks mention to the departments in that the country was divided in the colonial time, In the right inferior barracks the real palm (symbol of the nobility and it calms stability of the Cuban), the mountains and the clean blue sky represent the typical landscape of the Island.

A sheaf of eleven sticks that symbolizes the unit of the Cubans in its fight for the freedom serves from support to the shield, crowned by a cap frigio of red color in which a white star appears. They fringe the shield, to the right, an oak branch and to the left one of laurel that represent the strength and the victory.

 

National hymn: Their music and letter were composed by the patriot bayamés Pedro (Perucho) Figueredo to the beginning of the gestes independentistas. As patriotic song and scream of war was intoned, for the first time, October 20 1868 for the population of the village of San Salvador of Bayamo, oriental region of the country, and adopted by the Cubans as its National Hymn:

 

To the combat you run bayameses
That the Homeland contemplates you proud,
You don't fear a glorious death
That to die for the Homeland is to live
In chains to live, it is to live
In insult and sunk disgrace.
Of the trumpet you listen the sound
To the weapons, brave, run.

 
They are recognized, also, as national attributes:
 
Flower: the Butterfly (species of jasmine of color white and exquisite perfume
 
Bird: the Tocororo (endemic species, reproduces in its plumage the colors of the National Flag
 
Tree: the Real Palm (of notorious existence in the Cuban country landscape, in spite of not being originating of the country. It symbolizes the undeniable character of the Cuban)
 

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