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Cuba - History

 

The aboriginal Cubans lived under conditions of primitive community, when Christopher Columbus arrived to Bariay, in the current county of Holguín, in the north coast of the Cuban east, October of 1492, 27 in the initial trip to that that then was called the New World.

The Early Diego Velázquez who directed the later conquest of the country, founded the first seven villages, at the beginning of the XVI century.

Then they were born: Baracoa the prevailed city of Cuba Saviour of Bayamo, Santiago from Cuba, the Sacred Trinidad, Sancti-Spíritus, Santa María of the Prince's Port (Camagüey) and San Cristóbal from Havana.

The aboriginal population was virtually extinguished during the conquest and colonization. It continued him then a pro-slavery régime that African population introduced to carry out the strongest works and under conditions infrahumanas. The colonization, extended for more than four centuries and it finished with the military occupation of the country for the United States in 1898 that he/she was prolonged up to 1902, when the Republic neocolonial was established. The first of January of 1959, triumphs the Revolution.

 
Historical´s date
 
  • 27 October of 1492: Discovery of Cuba for Christopher Columbus.
  • November 16 1519: Foundation of San Cristóbal from Havana in their current localization. This is the last of the seven Villa settled down by the Spaniards.
  • August 12 1762: Taking of Havana for the Englishmen.
  • January 28 1853: birthday of our National Hero José Martí.
  • 10 October of 1868: Beginning of the wars of independence.
  • March 15 1878: Protest of Baraguá.
  • 1880: Formal abolition of the slavery, effective six years ago later.
  • April 10 1892: Foundation of the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
  • February 24 1895: Beginning of the last one of the wars of independence.
  • May 19 1895: José dies in combat Martí.
  • December 7 1896: Antonio dies in combat Maceo.
  • 1898: North American intervention.
  • May 20 1902: The government from U.S, establishes a republic kindred neocolonial to his interests.
  • 1925: Foundation of the first Communist Party of Cuba.
  • July 26 1953: assault to the Barracks Moncada for revolutionary youths directed by Fidel Castro.
  • December 2 1956: disembark of the yacht Granma.
  • January 1ro 1959: I triumph of the Revolution.
  • April 19 1961: It defeats in Beach Girón of the mercenary-imperialistic invasion.
  • December 22 1961: Cuba Free of Illiteracy is declared.
Traded days
 
  • 1ro. of January: Day of the Liberation. Anniversary of the Victory of the Revolution.
  • 1ro. of May: International day of the Workers.
  • 25, 26 and 27 of Julio: Festejos for the Day of the National Rebelliousness.
  • October 10: Beginning of the Wars of Independence.
  • December 25: Day of Christmas.
Commemorations
 
  • 1ro. of January: Day of the Liberation. Anniversary of the Victory of the
    Revolution.
  • 1ro. of May: International day of the Workers.
  • 26 of Julio: Festejos for the Day of the National Rebelliousness.
  • 30 of Julio: Day of the Martyrs of the Revolution.
  • October 10: Beginning of the Wars of Independence.
  • December 7: Day of the deads for the Defense.
 

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